Created by novelist Ian Fleming, iconic secret agent James Bond has spawned one of the most successful film franchises of all time. He is a suave and deadly operative who is licensed to kill. He works for the British intelligence agency MI6.
Codenamed 007, James Bond is a fictional character who has been adapted into movies, games, TV and comic books. He is one of the top agents of the British intelligence agency MI6.
Bond is famous for the attitude he brings to his job. He is a well known womanizer, though the creation of this demeanor is based in tragedy. He brings a dark sense of humor to his work, and is not afraid to crack a joke or pun even in the most formidable situations. He is also a skilled killer, and has been known to commit acts of violence in cold blood. However, perhaps Bond's strongest trait is his devotion to his country and to the pursuit of justice.
The specific personal nature of each James Bond has varied during the franchise's history, often reflecting cultural and actor changes. For example, there is a clear difference between Sean Connery's brutal efficiency and womanizing dichotomy to Roger Moore's foppish romancing. Though Bond's original disregard for the word 'no' has softened to match the change in society's attitude towards women, he still exercises his undeniable charm to bed women, both for fun and for the job.
The character of James Bond was created by spy novelist Ian Fleming. His first appearance was in the novel Casino Royale, published in 1953. Ian Fleming would go on to include Bond in 14 books and 9 short stories.
The name for Ian Fleming's super spy came from a guide book, Birds of the West Indies. The author of the book was named James Bond, and Fleming, who had a copy of the book at his Jamacian estate where he first wrote the character, found the name suitable. The author would later state that he chose the name based on it sounding simple, dull and plain. This book would later make a appearance as an homage in Die Another Day.
Before the series of James Bond films produced by EON Productions began, Bond appeared in several other works, including a CBS television movie in 1954 starring Barry Nelson as american spy and a South African radio adaption of Moonraker in 1956. At one point Fleming took an active role in the development of a feature film, and was attached to write an original screenplay for a movie. Though this deal eventually fell through, the story he was writing was later developed in to the novel Thunderball.
In 1959, movie producer Albert R. Broccoli expressed interest in developing the Bond book series into a movie. In 1961, Broccoli and partner Harry Saltzman purchased the rights to the entire series except for Casino Royale. Though the two producers initially received resistance from major movie studios to develop the film, they eventually found a home at United Artists. Now with a studio, Broccoli and Saltzman set up EON Productions, and soon began development of the first film, Dr. No.
Bond Films - The Early Years
The major challenge to producing Dr. No was finding a actor who both suited the role of James Bond and was willing to play the part. The initial search, which included a contest, failed to produce results. Broccoli, Saltzman and Fleming were all involved in choosing the actor for the role, and they together rejected actors such as David Niven and Cary Grant during the process. Cary Grant would have been casted if he did sequels, which he did not and if he was slightly younger. At one point an offer was extended to Patrick McGoohan, but he turned down the role.
The role of Bond eventually went to Sean Connery. The producers were, at first, not keen on Connery in the part. As the film was produced and released, there was no sure sign that Connery was going to work. Fleming, after seeing a screening of the film for the fist time, reportedly called it "dreadful," while critical reviews were decidedly mixed.
Despite this, Dr. No made enough to warrant a sequel, From Russia With Love, which benefited from an increase in budget, more varied locales and more action. The series would only grow from there, with subsequent films becoming grander and more expensive, though with increasing revenues to match.
Connery stared in five James Bond films, and became so synonymous with the role that posters for You Only Live Twice declared that "Sean Connery IS James Bond." After that film, however, Connery announced that it would be his last as Bond. EON had no intentions of abandoning the now-blockbuster series, so the search was on for a new Bond.
Producers eventually settled on Australian-born George Lazenby, an unknown and inexperienced actor. He was signed to a seven-film contract and starred in On Her Majesty's Secret Service. Though the film makes cheeky reference to the change in actors, (early on, Bond says "This never happened to the other fellow), audiences were collectively disappointed with the new Bond and his performance was trashed by critics.
Despite the backlash, EON had every intention to continue the series with Lazenby, However, after only one movie, the actor turned down Diamonds Are Forever. After Lazenby left, the producers simultaneously signed John Gavin to the role and tried to court back Connery. The original Bond eventually consented, and in return received a record salary and gross profit deal.
After completing this last film, Sean Connery once again left the film series. After a thorough search for a successor to the role, producers setteled on English actor Roger Moore to become the new Bond. Starting in 1973 with Live and Let Die, Moore's take on the character was far more light-hearted and humorous that those of both Connery and Lazenby.
Roger Moore's contract permitted him to appear in at least five films, the fifth of which would have been his last. However, he was forced back into the role for Octopussy, as producers feared the film would not do well with a newer, unknown Bond against a non-EON Bond film, Never Say Never Again, which was starring original Bond actor Sean Connery himself. Following A View To A Kill in 1985, a 57-year-old Moore ended his tenure as Bond, which lasted more than 12 years, appearing in 7 films of the franchise.
Following his leave, a new search began. Then-television actor Pierce Brosnan was cast in the part, but was forced to back out due to conflicts with his Remington Steele contract. Timothy Dalton, who had previously auditioned for Bond in 1968, was eventually cast.
Dalton starred in two Bond films and brought back a dark edge to the role that was missing from the Moore years. The actor intended to make more, but the development of the 17th film in the series was consistently postponed due to legal issues and a reorganization of MGM. Dalton was still attached to the film until 1994, when he finally resigned.
Producers at EON, which now included Broccoli, his daughter Barbara Broccoli, and his stepson Michael G. Wilson, searched for the next Bond. The settled on an old favorite, Brosnan, who was now able to accept the role. The 17th Bond film, Goldeneye, was finally produced and released in 1995.
Brosnan made four Bond films, with his last one, Die Another Day, at the time being the highest grossing Bond movie. Though the fourth film completed his contract, Brosnan was willing to continue with a fifth film. However, Brosnan publicly changed his mind in 2004, stating that he was done with the role. It was rumored that negotiations between Brosnan and the producers broke down, causing his public resignation, but nothing has officially been said on the matter. With every new actor in the role, the previous was erased from Continuity and the previous films' events happened with the current Bond and the settings would have been adjusted to fit with the character's age as well. So the events of all the previous would have taken place in the 1980's and 1990's with Pierce Brosnan as James Bond.
EON Productions later announced that the next film would be Casino Royale, the rights to which they had acquired years previously. Since this was the first time that such a search was being conducted in the Internet age, rumors about who would be cast ran rampant, more so than ever before. In the meantime, the producers and director spoke about the new film being a "reboot," with Bond getting back to the basics of the literary character.
After over a year of speculation, Daniel Craig was cast in the role. The resulting film received extremely positive reviews from critics, who frequently cited Craig's performance as one of the best in the entire series.
Though cinematic James Bond is certainly most-known through the EON Productions series, the character has made other appearances since that series started.The first film version of Casino Royale, which starred former Bond-candidate Niven in the role of Bond, was more of a comedic parody of the character. In it, the evil organization of SMERSH designates multiple people as James Bond. Actors playing these characters included Peter Sellers and Dr. No star Ursula Andress.
Another, more comparable Bond film, Never Say Never Again, starred an aging Sean Connery in an adaptation of the Thunderball story. The genesis of this film lays in the complicated legal history behind the rights to Thunderball, with the rights at the time being held by producer Kevin McClory. Despite being released only months after Octopussy, a Roger Moore-starring EON production, the film was considered a financial success, with a worldwide gross that was comparable to that of Octopussy.
There has been a popular theory among fans concerning the name James Bond. The theory says that James Bond is not a name, but a codename. This theory gives an air of realism to the James Bond franchise. It explains how Bond's appearance changes throughout the years. It also explains how the Sean Connery's Bond starts out fighting Cold War Russian agents and how Daniel Craig's Bond is fighting post-9/11 terrorists. Ian Fleming's literature, on the other hand, was written with a single continuous character with every novel in chronological order. However the theory was disproved in Die Another Day which references several older bond films, meaning Pierce Brosnan's bond experienced the events of those films and that Bond was one character. It was also disproved with the release of Casino Royale in 2006 which starred Daniel Craig as James Bond and was a reboot of the entire series disregarding the events of all the previous Bond films.
|2015||Bond 24 (Working Title)||Daniel Craig|
|2008||Quantum of Solace||Daniel Craig|
|2007||Epic Movie||Darko Belgrade|
|2006||Casino Royale||Daniel Craig|
|2002||Die Another Day||Pierce Brosnan|
|1999||The World Is Not Enough||Pierce Brosnan|
|1997||Tomorrow Never Dies||Pierce Brosnan|
|1989||Licence to Kill||Timothy Dalton|
|1987||The Living Daylights||Timothy Dalton|
|1985||A View to a Kill||Roger Moore|
|1983||Never Say Never Again||Sean Connery|
|1981||For Your Eyes Only||Roger Moore|
|1977||The Spy Who Loved Me||Roger Moore|
|1974||The Man with the Golden Gun||Roger Moore|
|1973||Live and Let Die||Roger Moore|
|1971||Diamonds Are Forever||Sean Connery|
|1969||On Her Majesty's Secret Service||George Lazenby|
|1967||You Only Live Twice||Sean Connery|
|1967||Casino Royale||David Niven|
|1964||From Russia, with Love||Sean Connery|
|1963||Dr. No||Sean Connery|
|blog||Who Do You Want to See Direct BOND 24???||VioletEyedDragon|
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